Snow Leopard Habitat

The estimated size of the snow leopard’s distributional range is about 1.8 million km2, with the largest share in the Tibetan plateau of China, followed by Mongolia and India. There is, however, a great deal of uncertainty about the snow leopard’s current distribution, as there is about the size of the total snow leopard population, which is roughly estimated at between 4,000 and 6,500 individuals.

Some national estimates are very outdated and up-to-date estimates of area of occupancy and population size are urgently needed.

Estimated area inhabited and population size of snow leopards in the 12 range countries.

Range Country Estimated Area (km²) Estimated Population Year of Evaluation
Afghanistan 50,000 100—200 2003
Bhutan 15,000 100—200 1994
China 1,100,000 2,000—2,500 2003
India 75,000 200—600 1994
Kazakhstan 50,000 100—110 2001
Kyrgyz Republic 105,000 150—500 2001
Mongolia 101,000 500—1,000 2000
Nepal 30,000 300—500 2009
Pakistan 80,000 200—420 2003
Russia 60,000 70—90 2012
Tajikistan 100,000 180—220 2003
Uzbekistan 10,000 20—50 2003
Totals 1,776,000 3,020-5,390