End snow leopard poaching
The range countries are determined to combat poaching, illegal trade, and other wildlife crimes by strengthening national systems of law enforcement, strengthening collaboration among countries and within international agreements and networks, and developing effective mechanisms for eliminating the illicit demand for illegal wildlife products.
National and regional cooperation to combat poaching and illegal trade and reducing illicit demand is a core principle of snow leopard conservation.
Specific activities include building law-enforcement capacity, building community anti-poaching networks, strengthening legislation, and education to reduce illicit demand.
Several good practices show how increased law enforcement and strong penalties for poaching and community anti-poaching networks and other means of engaging local communities can reduce poaching. The proposed GSC, Snow Leopards and Illegal Trade supports this objective by offering to provide assistance to strengthen national legislation, law enforcement (particularly inter-agency cooperation and collaboration), and raising awareness about wildlife crime among policy makers and other relevant actors.
Portfolio in combatting poaching and illegal trade
|Afghanistan||Monitor regularly the threats to snow leopards and their prey and ensure that identified mitigation measures are effectively implemented.|
|China||Minimize negative impacts caused by poaching of snow leopards and their prey, and illegal trade in their products.||Strengthen capacity building for law-enforcement agencies at all levels, enhance field patrols in snow leopard range areas, improve inspection measures for more effective monitoring of key markets and ports to combat illegal trade, undertake wider public education to inform public not to buy illegal snow leopard products and to encourage public to help collection of information concerning poaching and illegal trade through hotlines for law-enforcement agencies to act more effectively.|
|Kazakhstan||Enhance protection of prey species outside the protected areas.|
|Mongolia||Decrease poaching and illegal trade of snow leopards and other endangered wildlife.||Strengthen laws and regulations on illegal harvesting, transportation, and storage of species listed in Mongolian Red Data Book and in List of very rare animals of Mongolia. Make necessary changes to the Mongolian Fauna and Protected Areas law of Mongolia, and Mongolian Criminal and Administrative Codes.|
|Nepal||Control poaching of snow leopard and its prey, and trade of its body parts.||Build capacity and engage border and customs officials to improve the detection of illegal trade in snow leopard parts. Develop anti-poaching networks in PAs and mobilize community-based anti-poaching units to collect information on poaching and illegal trade. Disseminate information through outreach campaigns and materials on the importance of conserving snow leopards and combatting illegal trade. Create greater awareness among the public on the importance of snow leopards and the threats they are facing. Establish national and local database system.|
|Russia||Ensure effective work of regional wildlife protection agencies to protect snow leopards.||Provide sufficient funding for regional wildlife protection agencies. Hire and train extra staff. Procure mobility, communications, and office equipment. Conduct regular enforcement operations.|
|Tajikistan||Increase effectiveness of snow leopard protection measures inside and outside of protected areas.||Engage with border and customs officials through trainings and technical support with the goal of improving the detection of illegal trade in snow leopard parts. Develop anti-poaching networks in PAs and in local communities to collect information on poaching and illegal trade. Disseminate information through outreach campaigns and materials on the importance of conserving snow leopards and combating illegal trade.|
|Uzbekistan||Border and customs control.||Conserve snow leopards by understanding linkages in illegal trade and building capacity of border and customs officials.|
|Global Support Component||Assist snow leopard range countries, when relevant, through tailored activities aimed at combatting wildlife crime. Support to strengthen national legislation and law enforcement to raise awareness.||Provide a platform to look for opportunities to enhance the participation and collaboration of law-enforcement entities of the range countries with each other, to identify the realistic conditions and conflicts that may exist, and to explore avenues to improve those conditions, through a set of proposed actions.|